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Mossley is a small town and civil parish in Tameside, Greater Manchester. The town is in the upper Tame Valley in the foothills of the Pennines, almost 5 km northeast of Ashton-under-Lyne and 14 km east of Manchester. In 2011 Mossley had a population of 10,921.
Believed to originate in around 1319, the name Mossley means "a woodland clearing by a swamp or bog", moss meaning a boggy area and lea meaning a clearing in the wood. At one time much of the area would have been thickly wooded.
There have been people living in the Mossley area for thousands of years. A stone-age axe and arrow heads were found on the hillside above Top Mossley and an ancient road runs high along the eastern ide of the valley above Micklehurst, and this was improved by the Romans, who used to travel between forts at Melandra and Castleshaw. 
High on the eastern sky-line of Mossley, above the ancient road, is Buckton Castle. The remains of the defensive ridge and ditch are still to be seen. It had been thought to be an iron age hill fort, but explorations by Manchester University have found the bases of stone walls as well as 12th century pottery and handmade iron nails.
Wool production became the main industry in Mossley, with many weaver's cottages being built, incorporating a weaving room. When powered looms were invented, woollen mills and later, cotton mills were constructed in the valley. Although textile production has ceased, many of the mills are now used for other purposes, while others have been replaced by modern factories. There is still much light industry in Mossley, but many former industrial sites have now given way to housing. Many residents now work outside Mossley with some commuting to Manchester.
During World War 2 Mossley was a designated reception area with evacuees from London were being place in private houses. The area suffered little damage, mostly as a result of stray bombs rather than a planned raid. The Manchester blitz was clearly visible from the hills surrounding Mossley. In 1944 a German Messerschmitt 109 was brought to Mossley after it was shot down over Liverpool. It was put on show at Seel Park as part of the Spitfire Fund, which was started during the war to raise money for the war effort, and Mossley raised  71.966.