Evert Hendrik Jan Boven ("Nico" or "De
|Date of Birth
||5 november 1919
|Date of Death
||4 november 1944
||Algemene Begraafplaats Oosterbeek
||Landelijke Organisatie voor Hulp aan Onderduikers (LO)
- Evert Boven was born on 5 november 1919 in Zwolle. He was an
- In september 1942 he went into hiding when the Germans started
looking for him because of his activities with the Gereformeerde
Jeugdcentrale (a Christian youthclub) in Groningen. This youthclub was
forbidden by the Germans in june 1942.
- Boven went into hiding at his uncle's house, together with his
brother Christiaan Frederik Boven. His brother was allready involved
with the Landelijke Organisatie voor Hulp aan onderduikers (National
Organisation for Help to People in Hiding) and Evert Boven also joined
them. He became the leader of the Gelderland branch of this
organisation. At first he refused this position, because he thought he
was too young for it.
- In 1944 Boven was involved in raids on prisons in Arnhem. On 11 may
1944 the Koepelgevangenis (Dome prison) in Arnhem was raided to free
Frits Slomp, the national leader of the LO. The raid was succesful.
- As a result of German investigation of the raid on the Dome prison
Boven's uncle Eef Zwarts, who owned the Hemeldal villa in Oosterbeek,
was arrested. He was locked up in the pre-trial prison at the
Walburgstraat in Arnhem. Because he was tortured and would possibly
break or die, the decission was made to get him out of prison. After
three failed or aborted attempts Boven came up with a new plan. This
time the raid, on 11 june 1944, was succesful and 55 (some source say 54
or 56) prisoners were freed.
- Boven was arrested in the night of 16/17 august 1944 at a farm in
Heelsum. It is said the Germans made him walk through Arnhem as if he
was still free. Then they arrested everybody who tried to get in contact
- Boven was send to concentration camp Vught and later to Germany. He
died on 4 november 1944 in Husum-Schewing concentration camp,
a subcamp of the Neuengamme concentration camp. He was reburied in
Oosterbeek in may 1955. In september 1957 the headstone was placed by
some of his old friends of the resistance.
- There is a street called the Nico Bovenweg in Oosterbeek