- Carel Abraham was born on 1 August 1909 in
Hillegom, The Netherlands. He lived in The Hague and worked as a lawyer
in Amsterdam. He served in the Dutch Army for some time. After the
Germans invaded The Netherlands in May 1940 Abraham joined the
resistance. He wasn't a member of any organisation, but worked together
with several groups and persons, like Theodorus Cramer and Nicolaas van
der Horst. Abraham was in touch with the British Intelligence Service.
As a former soldier he worked together with other former soldiers. He
knew several people who directly or indirectly played a part in the
so-called Englandspiel (England Game, a counter intelligence operation
of the German military intelligence from 1942 to 1944. 54 S.O.E.
(Special Operations Executive) agents were captured by the Germans and
50 of them were executed). Among Abraham's contacts were S.O.E. agents
George Dessing (survived the war) and Leo Andringa (killed in
concentration camp Mauthausen).
- Abraham was arrested on 4 August 1942 and
spend some time in prisons, among them the Weteringschans in Amsterdam
and Gansstraat in Utrecht. The Germans tried to get information from him
by putting a spy in his cel and by starvation. On 22 january 1943 he was
sentenced to death.
- On 15 february 1943 he and 4 others
(Theodorus Cramer, Nicolaas van der Horst and two others) were killed by
the Germans at a bunker near Schiphol airfield. Their bodies were found
in a fieldgrave on 19 June 1945.
- Abraham was awarded the Bronzen Kruis (Bronze