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Hendrik Abbink

(photo: www.eerebegraafplaatsbloemendaal.eu)

Date of Birth : 01-12-1911
Date of Death : 18-01-1945
Age : 33
Cemetery : Eerebegraafplaats Bloemendaal, plot 24
Organisation : .
Hendrik Abbink was born on 1 December 1911 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. He was a son of Hendrik Abbink and Maria Cathrina Kriller. He was married to Gijsberta Broertjes and together they had a daughter Henriėtte. Before the war Abbink worked in a bank. Abbink was a member of the Dutch resistance.
The following information can be found on the website www.eerebegraafplaatsbloemendaal.eu: Hendrik Abbink worked as a bank clerk at Hollandsche Bank-Unie in Amsterdam. He moved with his wife and daughter to Duivendrecht in 1941. In July 1943 the Germans wanted Abbink to go to Germany as forced laborer. To avoid this he started to work at the Gewestelijk Arbeidsbureau (GAB) or Regional Employment Office. At the GAB he took part at sabotaging the sending of forced laborers to Germany. He also gave people who came back to The Netherlands for a short leave falsified indentity papers in orde to avoid them being sent back to Germany and he was involved with the handing out of falsified ration coupons.
At the end of 1944 the Germans needed more forced laborers and they wanted the civil servants of the GAB to help them recruit new laborers. The leadership of the Dutch resistance contacted the Dutch government in exile in London to ask what to do about this and they were told to delay the work as much as possible. The civil servants in the office of the GAB in the Spieghelschool in the Marnixstraat in Amsterdam were told to intensify the search for laborers but they told the Germans they refused to do so. On 5 January 1945 the Germans appointed 9 civil servants to do the work for them. Seven of them were members of the NSB, the Dutch National Socialist Party, who collaborated with the Germans. The same evening all nine were visited by members of the resistance who shot them as soon as they opened the doors of their homes. Five or six were killed instantly and 3 were heavily wounded. The Spieghelschool was set on fire. The Germans were furious and they brought five prisoners to the Spieghelschool and executed them (their names are: Hugo Baars, Willem Jan van Dorsten, Edgar Henri Kan, Jan Hendrik de Rooij en Willem Wessel Wessel). The recruiting of laborers was then continued from the Emmaschool in the Passeerdersgracht. On 7 January the resistance blew up this building. Five Germans were severly wounded in the attack. In retaliation for he attack on the Emmaschool the Germans arrested 17 other GAB civil servants who they believed were anti-German, including Abbink. Of the 17 persons arrested 11 were executed by the Germans on 18 January 1945 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Together with Abbink the following persons were killed: Evert Blanken, Hendrik Jacob Eeltjes, Antonius Henricus Frankenmolen, Gerrit Hoffman, Anton Lotz, Willem Teunis Meedendorp, Marinus Jacobus Pieroen, Adam Petrus Rooth, Pieter Jelle Trap and Willem Venema.
Picture: 08-08-2019
Voor eeuwig vrij (Free forever)
Sources: Website https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/, website www.eerebegraafplaatsbloemendaal.eu, Wikipedia, website http://www.dedokwerker.nl/, website www.online-begraafplaatsen.nl and website http://ouder-amstel.nl


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